Oedipus Rex Play By Sophocles (PDF-Summary-Review-Online Reading-Download)


Oedipus Rex or Oedipus the King, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was performed for the first time around 429 BC. Originally, for the ancient Greeks, the title was simply Oedipus (Οἰδίπους), as Aristotle calls it in the Poetics. It is believed that the name was changed to Oedipus Tyrannus to distinguish it from another of Sophocles' works, Oedipus in Colonus. In ancient times, the term "tyrant" referred to a ruler with no legitimate right to rule, but it did not necessarily have a negative connotation.


Of the three surviving Theban works by Sophocles dealing with the story of Oedipus, Oedipus Rex was the second to be written. However, in terms of the chronology of events the works describe, he appears first, followed by Oedipus in Colonus and then Antigone.

Before the beginning of Oedipus Rex, Oedipus became the king of Thebes while unconsciously fulfilling a prophecy that he would kill his father, Laius (the previous king), and marry his mother, Jocasta (whom Oedipus took as his queen. after solving the problem). riddle of the Sphinx). The action of Sophocles 'work refers to Oedipus' search for the murderer of Laius to put an end to a plague that ravages Thebes, without knowing that the murderer he seeks is none other than himself. At the end of the play, after the truth finally comes to light, Jocasta hangs himself while Oedipus, horrified by her patricide, incest proceeds to gouge out his eyes in desperation.

In his Poetics, Aristotle refers to the work several times to exemplify aspects of the genre.


Sophocles' Oedipus Rex has never been surpassed by the raw and terrible power with which his hero struggles to answer the eternal question: "Who am I?" The play, the story of a king who, acting completely in ignorance, kills his father and marries his mother, unfolds with devastating power; we are dragged helplessly along with Oedipus towards the last and dreadful truth.

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