Sugarcane Cultivation: Best Methods for Growing Sugarcane

    Shivani Saxena

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    Sugar is the most prominent ingredient in many desserts and beverages. It is derived from sugarcane crops, and these crops are grown across tropical and sub-tropical regions. The conditions under which sugarcane is grown are mainly between 25 degrees Celsius and 30 degrees Celsius. Sugarcane first originated in New Guinea and later spread across the globe. One of the many uses of sugarcane is for commercial use. These crops have high demand, and hence a lot of farmers are now into sugarcane cultivation.

    Learn More About Sugarcane:

    The long grass is perennial, making it ideal for farmers to cultivate it throughout the year. These long stems of grass are filled with sucrose juice. The juice from the stem is extracted and processed into sugar granules. Removing sugar is relatively easy and can be done in two ways. One way is to extract the juice naturally from the stems and boil it to make sugar granules or boil the stems in hot water and convert that into a sugar syrup. Both have similar effects on the food, making it sweet and savoury.

    For sugarcane to grow and produce a good harvest, optimum soil with equal moisture, humidity, and micronutrients is required. No matter what crop a farmer grows on their land, it is always best to test the soil for nutrient levels to ensure healthy produce. However, if you wish to know in detail about the best sugarcane cultivation methods, read on.

    The Best Methods for Growing Sugarcane:

    There are many ways to grow sugarcane. The soil must be irrigated and levelled before the sugarcane buds are planted. Well-harvested sugarcane requires light, soil, temperature, humidity, water, and good pruning. One can expect a good sugarcane harvest if all the above is considered while growing sugarcane. Read about some of the best methods for growing sugarcane:

    Building ridges and furrows:

    One of the simplest ways of growing sugarcane is by digging the soil and building water trenches to keep the soil and the buds moist. Ridges help provide adequate water supply to the sugarcane buds grown at an appropriate distance.

    Building flatbeds:

    As the name suggests, the stems are planted on the flat surface of the soil. Before the buds are grown, the earth is levelled, ploughed, and harrowed to avoid any bumps in the soil. Each bud is appropriately placed to help the bud germinate successfully.

    Rayungan method:

    This method of growing sugarcane is best in flood-prone areas. Sugarcane buds do not require heavy rainfall. If the buds are planted on flat soil with heavy rain, the buds will not germinate due to flooding. Hence, the buds are first germinated by the riverside and later transplanted to the mainland, where there is less rainfall.

    Sugarcane cultivation is a little tricky, but with proper procedures and accurate irrigation methods, the yields can be highly optimized. Get in touch with Netafim experts to learn more about sugarcane cultivation methods and associated techniques.