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All About Ovulation (Ovulation Tests-What Is Ovulation?-Facts Of Ovulation-How To Track Ovulation-The Ovulation Cycle-Frequently Asked Questions)

    Abdulaziz Sobh
    By Abdulaziz Sobh

    Categories: Health


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    What is ovulation?
    Ovulation is when a mature ovum is released from the ovary, pushed down from the fallopian tube and available for fertilization.

    Approximately every month an egg will mature inside one of your ovaries. As it reaches maturity, the ovum is released by the ovary, where it enters the fallopian tubes to break through to await the sperm and uterus.

    The lining of the uterus has thickened to prepare for the fertilized egg. If conception does not occur, the lining of the uterus will be spilled, as well as the blood.

    The shedding of an unfertilized egg and the uterine wall is the time of menstruation.

    If you are trying to get pregnant, you should get a copy of the Essential Guide to Getting Pregnant. This e-book is filled with the most up-to-date resources, information, and advice you need to get pregnant.

    There are also a variety of effective and affordable ovulation prediction tools available online.

    Facts Of Ovulation:
    An egg lives 12-24 hours after leaving the ovary.
    Normally, only one egg is released each time ovulation occurs
    Ovulation can be affected by stress, illness or interruption of normal routines.
    Some women may experience some light or spotted blood during ovulation.
    The implantation of a fertilized egg normally takes place 6-12 days after ovulation.
    Each woman is born with millions of immature eggs that wait for ovulation to start.
    A menstrual period can occur even if ovulation has not occurred.
    Ovulation can occur even if a menstrual period has not occurred.
    Some women may feel some pain or pain near the ovaries during ovulation called mittelschmerz, which means "average pain" in German.
    If an egg does not fertilize, it disintegrates and is absorbed in the lining of the uterus.
    How to track ovulation:
    The monthly cycle of a woman is measured from the first day of her menstrual period to the first day of her next period.

    On average, a woman's cycle is usually between 28-32 days, but some women may have much shorter or longer cycles.

    Ovulation can be calculated starting with the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP) or calculating 12-16 days from the next expected period.

    Most women ovulate between day 11 and day 21 of their cycle, counting from the first day of the LMP.

    This is what many refer to as the "fertile time" of a woman's cycle because intercourse during this time increases the chances of pregnancy.

    Ovulation can occur several times during a cycle and can occur on a different day each month. It is important to keep track of your cycle and, fortunately, there are a number of free fertility graphics tools available to help women identify their maximum fertile days.

    The ovulation cycle divided into two parts:
    The first part of the ovulation cycle is called the follicular phase. This phase begins on the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP) and continues until ovulation.
    This first half of the cycle can differ greatly for each woman that lasts between 7 days and 40 days.

    The second half of the cycle is called the luteal phase and it is from the day of ovulation until the next period begins. The luteal phase has a more precise timeline and, in general, it is only 12-16 days from the day of ovulation.
    This, in the end, means that the day of ovulation will determine how long your cycle lasts.

    This also means that external factors such as stress, illness, and interruption of the normal routine can affect ovulation, which in turn causes a change in the time of your period.

    So, the old thinking that stress can affect your period is partially true. Stress can affect your ovulation, which ultimately determines when your period will come, but stress around the time of an expected period will not come late; It was already determined when it would arrive 12-16 days before!

    The recognition of fertility is a way to control when ovulation occurs and includes studying the changes in the cervical mucus and the use of a basal thermometer.

    The cervical fluid will change to a wet, slippery substance that resembles "egg whites" just before ovulation occurs and until ovulation is over. A basal thermometer helps track the increase in body temperature, which indicates that ovulation has just occurred.

    Another way to track ovulation is through ovulation kits and fertility monitors. These can be purchased online safely and affordable.

    Ovulation tracking can help a woman have a better idea of when pregnancy can and can not occur during her monthly cycle.

    Once ovulation has occurred, there is nothing you can do to increase your chances of pregnancy. The next step is to start observing the symptoms of early pregnancy. See and print an ovulation calendar to better understand your menstrual cycle and ovulation.
    From the menstrual period to ovulation (the details you may not know!)
    When your menstrual cycle begins, your estrogen levels are low. Your hypothalamus (which is responsible for maintaining your hormone levels) sends a message to your pituitary gland that then sends the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). This FSH causes some of your follicles to become mature ovules.

    One of these will become the dominant follicle, which will release a mature ovule and the others will disintegrate.

    As the follicles mature, they emit another hormone, estrogen. High levels of estrogen will tell the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland that there is a mature egg.

    Then a luteinizing hormone (LH) is released, known as an increase in LH. The increase in LH causes the egg to explode through the wall of the ovary within 24-36 hours and begin its journey through the fallopian tube for fertilization.

    Ovulation prediction kits (OPK) work by detecting this increase in LH.

    The follicle from which the egg was released is called the corpus luteum and will release progesterone that helps thicken and prepare the uterine lining for implantation.

    The corpus luteum will produce progesterone for approximately 12-16 days (the luteal phase of its cycle). If an egg is fertilized, the corpus luteum will continue to produce progesterone for a developing pregnancy until the placenta takes control.

    You can start looking for pregnancy symptoms as soon as a week after fertilization. You can also start pregnancy tests as early as 7-10 days after the date of your ovulation with an early pregnancy screening test.

    If fertilization does not occur, the egg dissolves after 24 hours. At this time, your hormone levels will decrease and your uterine lining will begin to peel away around 12-16 days after ovulation.

    This is menstruation (menstrual period) and brings us back to day 1 of your cycle. The trip starts again.

    The moment of ovulation is one of the most important things a woman should understand about her body since it is the determining factor to get pregnant and avoid pregnancy.

    The process can be confusing and somewhat overwhelming when trying to understand.

    The Association recommends using an ovulation kit or a fertility monitor to maximize its chances and to confirm when ovulation is occurring. There are many frequent questions about the ovulation process, and the Association has tried to solve them for you.

    Ovulation tests:
    It may be unattractive to keep track of basal body temperature and cervical mucus daily, but you still want to know when you are ovulating to maximize your chances of getting pregnant. You can consider using an ovulation prediction kit if you have been trying to conceive for a few months without success.

    Ovulation tests are used to determine fertile days so you can maximize your efforts when trying to conceive. These tests detect an increase in luteinizing hormone (LH), which occurs one or two days before ovulation. This can be useful to know when to determine the best time to have sex.

    Most ovulation prediction kits come with a series of tests you can perform to determine if ovulation is approaching. In addition, although they are more expensive, some women use fertility monitors to follow their ovulation every month.

    However, there are some words of caution when it comes to ovulation tests:

    Although ovulation tests detect an increase in the hormone LH, they can not confirm whether ovulation occurs a day or two later. In some cases, women may have an increase in the hormone LH, but an egg is not released. This is known as follicle without luteinized rupture syndrome (LUFS).
    Ovulation tests are only accurate when taken around ovulation. In general, ovulation kits come with about a week of tests, which may not be enough to cover the period of time during which you can ovulate. In addition, it may be more difficult to know when to start taking ovulation tests for women who have irregular cycles. As such, it is best to wait until the tests are done until you notice cervical mucus of fertile quality.
    Some women experience false LH increases during which luteinizing hormone has small peaks before reaching its maximum. This could lead to having sex too soon. Such increases in false LH are common in women with the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
    While ovulation tests can be relatively inexpensive and effective, it is still money out of pocket.
    If you have used ovulation prediction kits for a few months and still have difficulty conceiving, you may consider recording the basal temperature of your body and cervical mucus exclusively or in combination with the ovulation prediction kits. Your body provides valuable information about your fertility. The knowledge of these signs can promote your efforts to conceive. Learn more about the fertility chart and how it can help you identify your maximum fertile days.

    However, you may prefer the ease of using ovulation tests. These fertility kits and monitors can help you take the effort and guess the job of predicting ovulation. Whether you decide to follow your ovulation using ovulation tests, natural methods, or both, an awareness of when to ovulate will optimize your chances of conceiving.

    Ovulation: Frequently Asked Questions:

    How do I calculate when I'm ovulating?
    The timing of ovulation is complex and you can take some study of your body and cycles to discover it. By using a combination of methods, such as observing cervical fluid, taking daily basal body temperature and controlling your periods, you can better identify the time of ovulation.

    The American Pregnancy Association encourages women to learn about the fertility awareness method of follow-up cycles and combine it with the use of ovulation prediction kits to better understand when they are ovulating. The Association estimates that ovulation occurs between 11 and 21 days after the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP), or 12 to 16 days from the time you wait for the next menstrual period to start. Request a fertility kit or monitor

    If you are trying to get pregnant, you can download a free copy of the Essential Guide to Getting Pregnant. This e-book contains information and tips to get pregnant faster and easier.

    Do women not ovulate on day 14 after their period begins?
    Unfortunately, this is a myth that many, including health professionals, still believe. The thought of "day 14" seems to come from taking the average of when all women ovulate or simply dividing the cycle from 28 days to half. This is not a precise way to calculate ovulation because many women do not ovulate on day 14 of their cycle.

    The day of ovulation differs from one woman to another and may even be different from month to month for a particular woman. For a woman with a 28-day cycle, the window of ovulation is from day 11 to day 21 of her cycle. Ovulation can occur on any day during this window.

    During my ovulation time, how many days am I really fertile?
    During your ovulation window, an egg is only available to be fertilized for approximately 12-24 hours. But since sperm can live in the body for 3 to 5 days after intercourse, and the ovum is available for a day, it is considered that its most fertile period is 5 to 7 days.

    Can I ovulate during my period?
    The answer to this question depends on what is considered a period. Menstruation or a period is the bleeding that occurs when the endometrium falls off 12 to 16 days after ovulation. With this definition of a period, you can not ovulate during the period.

    However, some women experience ovulatory or mid-cycle bleeding (bleeding that occurs around ovulation) and may confuse them for a period. This can be seen in some women who have very irregular cycles, perhaps once every 3 months or 2-3 times in a month, although it can also occur in women with regular cycles. They may experience what appears to be a period, but, in reality, it is very likely that it is an ovulation bleeding. Ovulation can occur when you experience bleeding in the middle of the cycle or ovulation.

    Keep in mind that although technically you can not ovulate during a given period because sperm can live in the body for 3 to 5 days after having sex, pregnancy could occur due to intercourse that takes place over a period.

    Can I ovulate immediately after my period?
    The answer to this question is determined by how many days there are in your cycle. The number of days in your cycle is calculated by counting the number of days from the beginning of a period to the beginning of the next period. If you have a short cycle, say, 21 days, and you bleed for 7 days, you can ovulate immediately after your period.

    This is because ovulation usually occurs 12 to 16 days before your next period begins, and this would estimate that you ovulate on days 6 to 10 of your cycle.

    Can I get pregnant during my period?
    While conception cannot occur while you are in your period, pregnancy can occur from intercourse that takes place over a period. This is because the sperm can live in the body for up to five days, and if a woman ovulates shortly after her period, then the conception could take place from the intercourse that occurred during her period. Keep in mind that you can get pregnant while experiencing mid-cycle bleeding or ovulation. (See above for clarification regarding ovulatory bleeding and menstruation).

    Can I ovulate without detecting elastic white cervical fluid?
    Ovulation can occur even if you do not see the "elastic white" fluid that we assume accompanying ovulation. Every woman can experience her own type of cervical fluid. Ovulation is supposed to take place on the day a woman has the wettest fluid. If a woman does not experience cervical fluid "egg white", there are natural products available to help increase the production of cervical fluid.

    What does it mean if I have cervical elastic fluid in more than a day?
    Many women can experience cervical fluid a few days before ovulation actually takes place and may even have it once ovulation is over. When studying your cervical fluid to determine when you are ovulating, look for the 12-24 hour time frame with the wettest fluid.

    This usually occurs around ovulation when an egg is available for fertilization, although sexual intercourse that occurs in the days before this can also lead to pregnancy.

    If an ovulation prediction test kit says positive, that means I'm sure it's ovulating, right?
    Ovulation prediction kits determine if luteinizing hormone (LH) is detected. Luteinizing hormone (LH) increases just before ovulation occurs. Therefore, the kits are supposed to detect if you are going to ovulate, but they can not guarantee that you will ovulate.

    Women can have a high level of LH if they have certain conditions, such as polycystic ovaries, premature ovarian failure (POF) or women over 40 who are experiencing perimenopause. In addition, women with follicle syndrome without luteinized rupture (LUFS) may have an increase in the LH hormone without ovulating. Any of these conditions could result in a false positive result in an ovulation prediction test.

    What are the signs of ovulation?
    The signs of ovulation can be any of the following, although many women can only notice one or two of these:

    Change in cervical fluid
    Change in cervical position and cervical firmness
    Brief pang of pain or dull pain felt on one side of the abdomen
    Spotted light
    Increase in sexual desire
    Elevated level of luteinizing hormone that can be detected in an ovulation test
    Basal body temperature chart showing a constant change
    Breast tenderness
    Abdominal distension
    A greater sense of sight, smell or taste.

    Can a woman ovulate more than once during each cycle?
    A woman should not ovulate more than once during each cycle. This is due to a careful balance of the hormones and their levels: you need the right time and the release of hormones to achieve the release of a mature egg. Therefore, you can not get pregnant more than once during a cycle. Remember, if you are not using a tracking method such as OPK, basal body temperature or cervical mucus, there is no guaranteed way to pinpoint the day you are ovulating. Many period tracking applications will give you your "ovulation day," but this is only an estimate of when it might happen. Therefore, two days (or more) after the predicted ovulation day may not be a "safe" day to have sex to avoid pregnancy, since you may not have ovulated yet.

    There was a study published in 2003 by Canadian researchers who said that it is possible for a woman to ovulate more than once in a single cycle. However, this research used a small sample size and the results have never been confirmed or replicated. Therefore, it remains the general understanding that women only ovulate once per cycle.

    Multiple ovulation is another phenomenon that can occur and is when two or more ovules are released in a single cycle. The eggs are released over a period of 24 hours and are responsible for the birth of fraternal twins. It is believed that this can occur in up to 5-10% of all cycles, but it does not result in as many twins due to a type of spontaneous abortion known as the "failing twin phenomenon".

    Can I ovulate without having a period?
    Since a woman releases an ovum 12 to 16 days before the expected period, it is possible for women to become pregnant without having menstrual periods. Women who do not menstruate due to a certain condition (ie, low body weight, lactation, perimenopause, etc.) are at risk of becoming pregnant because ovulation could start again at any time.

    If you ovulate and your period does not start a couple of weeks later, you may want to have a pregnancy test.

    For those who wish to conceive, the lack of periods could make it more difficult to know the time of ovulation if you are not recording the basal temperature and changes in cervical fluids. But if you are not having periods and you want to avoid pregnancy, you should use a form of contraception, since there is no way to know when ovulation will occur.

    Can I have a period and still have not ovulated?
    Having a period does not necessarily mean that ovulation has taken place. Some women may have what is called an anovulatory cycle (which means that ovulation has not occurred). During an anovulatory cycle, women may experience some bleeding that may seem like a period, although in reality, it is not a true period.

    This bleeding is caused by an accumulation in the uterine lining that can no longer sustain itself or by a drop in estrogen. The main way to decipher if ovulation is taking place, in fact, is by tracking basal body temperature.

    What resources are available to help get pregnant?
    If you are trying to get pregnant and are looking for resources to support your efforts, we invite you to consult the fertility product and resource guide provided by our corporate sponsor. Review the resource guide here.