The end of net neutrality is here

    Abdulaziz Sobh

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    The way in which the internet is regulated in the USA UU It is about to change.
    The controversial repeal of the neutrality protections of the Obama era network will officially go into effect on Monday, despite the constant efforts of members of Congress, state officials, technology companies, and defense groups to save the rules.

    The Federal Communications Commission led by the Republicans voted along party lines in December to repeal the rules, which were intended to prevent Internet providers from blocking, accelerating or slowing down access to specific online services.

    The order required the approval of the Office of Management and Budget, which the FCC announced to receive last month. In a statement at that time, the chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Ajit Pai, framed the next repeal as the elimination of onerous regulations.

    "Now, on June 11, these unnecessary and harmful Internet regulations will be repealed and the bipartisan and lightweight approach that served the online world for almost 20 years will be restored," Pai said in a statement last month.

    A spokesman for the FCC confirmed to CNN this week that the timetable is advancing as previously announced.

    "June 11 is significant because it will be the first time in more than 15 years of battle for the neutrality of the network that the FCC will have no role in preserving the open Internet and supervising the broadband market," said Gigi. Sohn, advisor to the former president of the FCC. Tom Wheeler and a staunch supporter of net neutrality told CNNMoney.

    The concern among advocates of network neutrality is that the repeal could give Internet providers too much control over how content is delivered online. It can also make it more difficult for the next generation of online services to compete if they have to pay to be placed in the so-called Internet fast lane.

    "Those 'fast lanes' will put those who will not pay or will not be able to pay in the slow lane, making the Internet look a lot like cable television," says Sohn.

    But even those who oppose the repeal say it is very unlikely that it will change very soon given the pending litigation and possible legislation to solve the problem.

    "Nothing will change the next day," says Kevin Werbach, an associate professor of legal studies at Wharton and a former adviser to the FCC. "The companies will not take any important steps to change their policies until they are resolved."

    Last month, the Senate approved a measure to preserve the net neutrality rules. On Thursday, with the imminent official revocation date, dozens of senators sent a letter to House Speaker Paul Ryan, urging him to schedule a vote on the issue.

    A collection of advocacy groups has called for "mass online actions" on June 11 to once again draw attention to the issue and press Congress to act.

    "It's an uphill struggle," says Chris Lewis, vice president of Public Knowledge, a technology advocacy group that has urged the House to take action. It is believed that the Republican-led House and President Trump are unlikely to support the Senate measure.

    More than 20 states have filed a lawsuit to stop the derogation of net neutrality. Several states, including New Jersey, Washington, Oregon and California, have even pushed for legislation to enforce the principles of net neutrality within their borders.

    However, this local legislation could lead to a legal confrontation.

    A spokeswoman for the FCC previously directed CNNMoney to a section of the network's final order of neutrality, in which the FCC affirms its authority to prevent states from enforcing laws inconsistent with the derogation of net neutrality.

    "It is clearly illegal for states to establish their own Internet policy," Roslyn Layton, a visiting researcher at the American Enterprise Institute who served on Trump's transition team for the FCC, told CNNMoney last month.

    It is likely that the general uncertainty about the future of net neutrality will extend over much of this year, according to those who push for legislation and litigation, if not more.

    "We'll see what happens after the [mid-term] election," says Lewis.



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