Lord of the Flies Book (Summary - Book Review - Book Order)

Author William Golding
Cover artist Anthony Gross[1]
Country United Kingdom
Genre Allegorical novel
Publisher Faber and Faber
Publication date
17 September 1954
ISBN 0-571-05686-5 (first edition, paperback)
OCLC 47677622

Lord of the Flies is a 1954 novel by British author William Golding, winner of the Nobel Prize. The book focuses on a group of British children stranded on an uninhabited island and their disastrous attempt to govern themselves.

The novel has been generally well received. He was named in the Modern Library 100 Best Novels, reaching number 41 on the publisher's list and 25 on the reader's list. In 2003, it was included in number 70 in the BBC's The Big Read survey, and in 2005 Time magazine named it one of the 100 best novels in English from 1923 to 2005.

In the midst of a wartime evacuation, a British plane crashes on an isolated island in a remote region of the Pacific Ocean. The only survivors are children in their middle childhood or preadolescence. Two children, the blond Ralph and an overweight child with glasses, nicknamed "Piggy", find a shell, which Ralph uses as a horn to gather all the survivors in one area. Ralph is optimistic, believing that adults will come to rescue them but Piggy realizes the need to organize: ("put first things first and act correctly"). Because Ralph appears to be responsible for gathering all the survivors, he immediately commands some authority over the other children and is quickly elected his "boss." He does not receive the votes of the members of a male choir, led by the redhead Jack Merridew, although he allows the choirs to form a gang of hunters separately. Ralph establishes three main policies: to have fun, to survive and to constantly maintain a smoke signal that could alert the ships that pass through his presence on the island and thus rescue them. Children establish a form of democracy by declaring that whoever has the snail will also be able to speak at their formal meetings and receive the attentive silence of the larger group.

Jack organizes his choir at a hunting party responsible for discovering a source of food. Ralph, Jack and a quiet and dreamy boy named Simon soon form a triumvirate of leaders with Ralph as the highest authority. After the inspection of the island, the three determine that it has fruits and wild pigs as food. The boys also use the Piggy glasses to create a fire. Although he is the only real confidant of Ralph, Piggy quickly becomes an outcast by his fellow "older boys" (older boys) and becomes a source of involuntary laughter for the other children while being hated by Jack. Simon, in addition to overseeing the shelter construction project, feels an instinctive need to protect "little children."

The appearance of order deteriorates rapidly as most children become inactive; They help little in the construction of shelters, spend their time having fun and begin to develop paranoia about the island. The central paranoia refers to a supposed monster that they call the "beast", which all begin to slowly believe that it exists on the island. Ralph insists that there is no such beast, but Jack, who started a power struggle with Ralph, gains a level of control over the group by boldly promising to kill the creature. At one point, Jack summons all his hunters to hunt a wild pig, removing the assigned to maintain the signal fire. A boat travels around the island, but without the children's smoke signal to alert the ship's crew, the ship continues without stopping. Ralph confronts Jack angrily for not having kept the signal; In frustration, Jack assaults Piggy, breaking his glasses. The boys enjoy their first party afterward. Enraged by the boys' inability to attract potential rescuers, Ralph considers resigning his position as leader, but Piggy, who understands Ralph's importance and deeply fears what will happen to him, Jack takes full control.

One night, an aerial battle takes place near the island while the boy's sleep, during which a fighter pilot leaves his plane and dies on the descent. His body descends to the island in a parachute; Both are entangled in a tree near the top of the mountain. Later, while Jack continues to make plans against Ralph, the twins Sam and Eric, now assigned to the maintenance of the signal fire, see the corpse of the fighter pilot and his parachute in the dark. Confusing the corpse of the beast, they run to the group of shelters that Ralph and Simon have erected to warn others. This unexpected meeting again increases the tensions between Jack and Ralph. Soon after, Jack decides to lead a party on the other side of the island, where a mountain of stones, later called Castle Rock, forms a place where he affirms that the beast resides. Only Ralph and a quiet and suspicious boy, Roger, Jack's closest supporter, agree to go; Ralph turns shortly before the other two boys, but finally, the three see the paratrooper, whose head is raised through the wind. Then they flee, believing that the beast is truly real. When they arrive at the shelters, Jack calls an assembly and tries to get the others to turn on Ralph, asking them to remove Ralph from his position. When not receiving support, Jack goes alone to form his own tribe. Roger escapes immediately to join Jack, and little by little a growing number of older children leave Ralph to join Jack's tribe. The Jack tribe continues to attract recruits from the main group by promising cooked pork parties. The members begin to paint their faces and perform strange rites, including sacrifices to the beast. One night, Ralph and Piggy decide to go to one of Jack's parties.

Simon, who faints frequently and is probably an epileptic, has a secret hiding place where he will be alone. One day, while he is there, Jack and his followers erect an offering to the nearby beast: the head of a pig mounted on a sharp stick and soon swarming with looting flies. Simon conducts an imaginary dialogue with his head, which he calls "The Lord of the Flies." The head mocks Simon's notion that the beast is a real entity, "something you could hunt and kill," and reveals the truth: they, the children, are the beast; It is within all of them. The Lord of the Flies also warns Simon that he is in danger, because he represents the soul of man, and predicts that others will kill him. Simon climbs alone to the mountain and discovers that the "beast" is the dead parachutist. He hastens to tell the other boys, who participate in a ritual dance. The frantic boys confuse Simon with the beast, attack him and beat him to death. Both Ralph and Piggy participate in hand-to-hand combat and are deeply disturbed by their actions upon returning from Castle Rock.

Jack and his rebellious band decide that the true symbol of power on the island is not the conch, but Piggy's glasses, the only thing that children have to start a fire. They raided Ralph's camp, confiscated his glasses, and returned to his home in Castle Rock. Ralph, now abandoned by most of his supporters, travels to Castle Rock to face Jack and secure the glasses. Taking the conch and accompanied only by Piggy, Sam, and Eric, Ralph finds the tribe and demands that they return the valuable object. Confirming his total rejection of Ralph's authority, the tribe captures and binds the twins under Jack's command. Ralph and Jack get involved in a fight that neither of them wins before Piggy tries again to address the tribe. Any sense of order or security is permanently eroded when Roger, now a sadist, deliberately throws a rock from his superior point of view, killing Piggy and breaking the conch shell. Ralph manages to escape, but Sam and Eric are tortured by Roger until they agree to join Jack's tribe. Ralph secretly confronts Sam and Eric, who warns him that Jack and Roger hate him and that Roger has sharpened a stick at both ends, implying that the tribe intends to hunt him like a pig and decapitate him. The next morning, Jack orders his tribe to start looking for Ralph. Jack's savages set fire to the forest while Ralph desperately weighs his chances of survival. After a long chase, most of the island is consumed in flames. With the hunters behind him, Ralph stumbles and falls. He looks at a uniformed adult, a British naval officer whose group has landed from a passing cruise to investigate the fire. Ralph breaks down to mourn the death of Piggy and the "end of innocence". Jack and the other children, dirty and careless, also return to their true age and burst into sobs. The officer expresses his disappointment at seeing the British boys exhibit fierce and warlike behavior before turning to look uncomfortably at their own battleship.

This brilliant work is a terrifying parody about the return of man [in a few weeks] to that state of darkness from which it took thousands of years to emerge. To be successful, a fantasy must come very close to reality. The Lord of the Flies does it. It must also be very well written. Is.

About the Author
William Golding was born in Cornwall, England, in 1911 and educated at Oxford University. His first book, Poems, was published in 1935. Following a stint in the Royal Navy during World War II, Golding wrote Lord of the Flies while teaching school. It was the first of several works, including the novels Pincher Martin, Free Fall, and The Inheritors and a play, The Brass Butterfly, which led to his being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1983.

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