The reason for migration


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    The reason for Migration 



    Migration may be voluntary or compulsory, as voluntary migration, whether internal or external, is in search of better economic opportunities or housing. Compulsory migration usually includes migrants who are denied by governments because of war or other political unrest or who have been forcibly transferred as slaves or prisoners to Or other countries. The migration between these two types is the voluntary migration of refugees fleeing wars, famines or natural disasters. It should be noted here that the trend of internal migration during the twentieth century was the voluntary transition from rural to urban areas, and as a result, cultural growth was very rapid in most parts of the world, especially in developing countries, after World War II. 

    There are several social reasons that push people to emigrate.

    Among these reasons: 

    Food Search: Food is one of the biggest pressures on populations, the first probable cause of migrations from Africa, where there is a small areas  of ​​land  which can provide food only to a certain population, while modern technologies in agriculture can increase the proportion of food .The food produced greatly. For example, thousands of years ago, African and Savannah populations depended on fishing and gathering for food. When population pressure became too large, there was not enough food for everyone. Many of them moved to other places a few miles away to look for anything they can hunt.

    Area: Population may increase in a certain area because of the development of medical technology and sanitation, increasing population density, and this may lead to outbreaks of violence, the spread of deadly diseases, or the general decline in living conditions, all these issues force some people to move to other places.

    Natural causes
    Severe climatic conditions such as floods and severe storms may displace people outside a particular area to seek a safer area. Climate change may also lead to long-term migrations. For example, the drought of any fertile area prompts people to find a new, more fertile place .Changes in sea level due to climate may also reveal large areas of coastal land where people can live, such as freezing large swathes of icy oceans during the Ice Age, which have given humans new places in the world to reach and live in.

      Economic reasons
    After the decline in the number of people working in agriculture and harvesting, the proportion of migrant workers looking for work to get money to buy food, especially after the industrial revolution, and these migrations can occur very quickly or slowly, as the population declined slowly in Northeast America due to decline Steel industry.

    Man of all time has and continues to have the innate desire to explore and settle in new areas, where he migrates to other places even if there are no natural, economic or social reasons for immigration.It may be just the passion for exploring the unknown.



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