Healthy food: defending the body of cancer

    Abdulaziz Sobh

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    Cancer is the second deadliest disease in the world and accounted for 1 in 6 deaths in 2018. The common perception of this disease is that it is mainly caused by smoking tobacco and alcohol consumption. However, there is a need to raise awareness that one of the five main causes of cancer is nutrition, more specifically, an unhealthy diet. The growing dependence on technology and the lack of physical activity have pushed people towards sedentary lifestyles and have ignored natural foods that contain nutrients that increase immunity, some of which help fight diseases such as cancer.
    For example, consuming the right diet can reduce a person's risk of getting cancer, especially some of the complexes, such as the brain. The brain is an intricate and important organ, but very vulnerable in the human body. The spongy tissues of the brain control all our movements and cognitive abilities such as speech thought and emotions. The growth of a cancer cell can affect healthy brain tissues and cause cancer/tumor over time. However, it is possible to prevent this risk by eating healthy foods and a balanced diet from an early age. Foods that are rich in antioxidants and other vital nutrients can also stimulate the immune system and brain function. The gastrointestinal tract is considered our second brain since it has more than 500 million neurons. The intestine is also filled with approximately 300 to 600 species of different bacteria that perform a lot of beneficial functions, such as boosting the immune system, aiding in metabolism and digestion, and aiding in neurotransmission and signaling in the brain. Any significant alteration in the type or number of these bacterial colonies can lead to inflammation in the body, a process that can contribute to many diseases, including cancer.
    While there is no specific food that can be called the best to prevent cancer, a healthy diet helps control infections and associated complications. In fact, research suggests that some foods help block cancerous blood vessels in the body through the process of anti-angiogenesis. Green leafy vegetables, turmeric, ginger, basil, thyme, etc. They provide a great boost to immunity against cancer. All of these have a strong capacity to fight cancer. They also provide the brain with antioxidants that limit cell damage by hunting for free radicals. In addition, they reduce inflammation and prevent cancer.
    According to an international study conducted by the National Cancer Institute, those who eat six servings of fruits and vegetables per 1,000 calories have a 29% lower risk compared to those who have 1.5 servings. In the study, researchers found that those who consumed most fruits and vegetables had the lowest risk of head and neck cancer. Vegetables seemed to offer more cancer prevention than fruits alone.
    According to an international study conducted by the National Cancer Institute, those who eat six servings of fruits and vegetables per 1,000 calories have a 29% lower risk compared to those who have 1.5 servings. In the study, researchers found that those who consumed most fruits and vegetables had the lowest risk of head and neck cancer. Vegetables seemed to offer more cancer prevention than fruits alone.
    Vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, tomatoes, and carrots are known to be highly effective in reducing the risk of cancer. Similarly, citrus fruits contain antioxidants and phytochemicals that can prevent disease. Other foods that can be consumed include spices such as cinnamon and turmeric, legumes, nuts, olive oil, and garlic. In people who already have the disease, a balanced diet can increase treatment efforts.

    In conclusion
    Given the increasing incidence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as cancer in India, it is necessary to focus on harm reduction strategies. This is a public health strategy, whose objective is to mitigate the dangers or damages associated with an action or condition. An example would be to switch to a healthy diet and opt for alternative ways of consuming or cooking food. The emphasis here is on reducing the negative results of an unhealthy diet. The adage "you are what you eat" can not, therefore, be truer. Eating healthy can not only prevent cancer but also other potentially debilitating conditions.

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