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Diabetes (Types of diabetes - Symptoms of diabetes - Methods of transmission of diabetes)

Diabetes (Types of diabetes - Symptoms of diabetes - Methods of transmission of diabetes)

Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease that can affect people of all ages, with an increased risk of aging, and the disease is caused by the inability of the body to convert sugar glucose to the energy needed by the body to perform its functions, leading to the availability of excessive amounts of sugar Blood glucose, and can lead to complications in the body, such as: heart disease, kidney disease, blindness, gingivitis, and sometimes even amputation.

Methods of transmission of diabetes

Genetics

Genetics plays a major role in the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, which is not entirely insulin-dependent. It can appear in more than one individual in the family due to their similar genetic predisposition to infection. Insulin-dependent diabetes is not On the genetic factor, those who have a probability of infection have certain specifications, such as those who are ready for viral infections, which generate some antibodies that attack the pancreas, and damage, which affects the secretion of the body of insulin, and thus diabetes, and this type has nothing to do with the worker Genetics.

Transmission of diabetes from pregnant to the fetus

Diabetes may be transmitted from the pregnant mother who suffers from pregnancy sugar temporarily during pregnancy to her fetus. This causes the children to suffer from problems in balancing blood sugar during their first months of life. This may result in diabetes in their next years of life before they reach 15 years old.

Types of diabetes

Insulin-dependent diabetes

Insulin-dependent diabetes affects children and young people under the age of 30. It occurs as a result of an imbalance in the immune system. It attacks the cells in the pancreas, which produce insulin. The body needs insulin and the patient takes it through insulin injections throughout its life.

Insulin-dependent diabetes

Non-insulin-dependent diabetes affects people over the age of 30, caused by obesity, or by some medications that interfere with insulin, leading to high blood glucose without converting to energy. Diabetes is one of the most common types of diabetes. Diabetes is widespread, with about 95% of all diabetics.

Gestational Diabetes

Pregnant women get gestational diabetes during pregnancy and continue to be infected during pregnancy only, and obese women are more likely to be infected than others.

Symptoms of diabetes

  • Feeling thirsty.
  • Frequent urination at close times.
  • Feeling very hungry.
  • Low weight for unclear reasons.
  • Sweating and exhaustion in the body, without obvious reasons.
  • Difficulty healing wounds.
  • A blurring of vision.
  • Contamination occurs in the skin, gums, vagina, and urinary bladder.