Adventures of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain (Online Reading - Summary - Review - Book - Download - PDF)

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (or, in more recent editions, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn) is a novel by Mark Twain, first published in the United Kingdom in December 1884 and in the United States in February 1885. Commonly named between The Great American Novels, the work is one of the first in the most important American literature written in vernacular English, characterized by local color regionalism. Huckleberry "Huck" Finn, the narrator of two other Twain novels (Tom Sawyer Abroad and Tom Sawyer, Detective) and a friend of Tom Sawyer, tells it in the first person. It is a direct sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.

The book stands out for its colorful description of people and places along the Mississippi River. Set in society prior to the southern war that had ceased to exist more than 20 years before the work was published, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an often scathing satire about entrenched attitudes, particularly racism.

Perennially popular among readers, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has also been the subject of continuous study by literary critics since its publication. The book was widely criticized at the time of release due to its extensive use of rude language. Throughout the twentieth century, and despite the arguments that the protagonist and tenor of the book are anti-racist, criticisms of the book continued both for their perceived use of racial stereotypes and for the frequent use of "black" racial insult.

Book Details

  • Genres: Satire, Novel, Humour, Picaresque Fiction, Children's literature, Adventure fiction, Robinsonade

Book Summary
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn also called The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, a novel by Mark Twain, published in the United Kingdom in 1884 and in the United States in 1885. The narrator of the book is Huckleberry Finn, a young man whose vernacular speech without art adapts admirably to detailed and poetic descriptions of scenes, vivid representations of characters and narrative representations that are widely comic and subtly ironic.

Huck flees from his abusive father and, with his partner, the runaway slave Jim makes a long and frequently interrupted trip down the Mississippi River in a raft. During the trip, Huck meets a variety of characters and types in which the book memorably portrays almost every class that lives along the river. As a result of these experiences, Huck overcomes conventional racial prejudices and learns to respect and love Jim. The pages of the book are dotted with idyllic descriptions of the great river and surrounding forests, and Huck's good nature and unconscious humor pervade everything. But a thread that goes through adventure after the adventure is that of human cruelty, which is shown both in the acts of individuals and in their thoughtless acceptance of such institutions as slavery. Huck's natural goodness is constantly contrasted with the effects of a corrupt society.

Together with Twain's novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876), Adventures of Huckleberry Finn changed the course of children's literature in the United States and American literature in general, presenting the first deeply felt representation of childhood. It is a classic of American realism both for this representation and for the description of South Twain before the Civil War, especially through its use of the dialect. This realism was the source of controversy that developed regarding the book at the end of the 20th century. Despite Huck's friendship with Jim, some considered the offensive book as racist. However, the publication in 2011 of a bowdlerized version of the novel generated debate and many considered it as unacceptable as the original.

Book Club Questions

Book Review
Referring to the adventures of Huckleberry Finn, H. L. Mencken noted that his discovery of this classic American novel was "the greatest event of my life"; Ernest Hemingway declared that "all modern American literature derives from this book," while TS Eliot called Huck "one of the permanent symbolic figures of fiction, not unworthy of taking a place with Ulysses, Faust, Don Quixote, Don Juan, Hamlet. "
The preeminence of the novel derives from its wonderfully imaginative recreation of children's adventures along the mighty Mississippi River, its inspired characterization, the author's remarkable ear for dialogue and the discreet development of the book of serious underlying themes: the "natural man "versus" civilized "society, the evils of slavery, the innate value and dignity of human beings, the stunning effects of the convention and other issues. But above all, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a wonderful story? full of high adventure and unforgettable characters (including the great river itself)? that nobody who has read it will forget it.
Unabridged Dover (1994) republication of the text of the first American edition, published by Charles L. Webster and Company, New York, 1885.

About The Author Book
Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. He is noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), called "the Great American Novel", and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876).

Twain grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, which would later provide the setting for Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. He apprenticed with a printer. He also worked as a typesetter and contributed articles to his older brother Orion's newspaper. After toiling as a printer in various cities, he became a master riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River, before heading west to join Orion. He was a failure at gold mining, so he next turned to journalism. While a reporter, he wrote a humorous story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," which proved to be very popular and brought him nationwide attention. His travelogues were also well-received. Twain had found his calling.

He achieved great success as a writer and public speaker. His wit and satire earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.

However, he lacked financial acumen. Though he made a great deal of money from his writings and lectures, he squandered it on various ventures, in particular, the Paige Compositor, and was forced to declare bankruptcy. With the help of Henry Huttleston Rogers, however, he eventually overcame his financial troubles. Twain worked hard to ensure that all of his creditors were paid in full, even though his bankruptcy had relieved him of the legal responsibility.

Born during a visit by Halley's Comet, he died on its return. He was lauded as the "greatest American humorist of his age", and William Faulkner called Twain "the father of American literature".