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Free Book Online The Odyssey (Download-PDF-Online Reading-Summary)


The Odyssey By Homer is one of the two main ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work traditionally attributed to Homer. The poem is fundamental to the modern Western canon. In fact, it is the second; The Iliad is the first existing work of western literature. It was probably composed at the end of the 8th century BC, somewhere in Ionia, the Greek-speaking coastal region of what is now Turkey. The poem focuses mainly on the Greek hero Odysseus (or Ulysses, as he was known in Roman myths) and his long journey home after the fall of Troy. It takes Odysseus ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten-year Trojan War. In his absence, he is supposed to have died, and his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus must deal with a group of rebellious suitors, the Ministers or Proci, competing for Penelope's hand in marriage. The great epic of western literature, translated by the acclaimed classicist Robert Fagles
Robert Fagles, the winner of the PEN / Ralph Manheim Translation Medal and a 1996 Academy Award for Literature from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, presents Homer's most beloved and accessible poem in an impressive translation of modern verses. "Sing me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns who again and again deviates from his course, once he had plundered the sacred heights of Troy". Thus begins the magnificent translation by Robert Fagles of The Odyssey, which Jasper Griffin in the New York Times Book Review praises as "a distinguished achievement."
If the Iliad is the largest war epic in the world, the Odyssey is the grandest evocation of literature of a man's journey through life. Odysseus' confidence in his ingenuity and willingness to survive in his encounters with the divine and natural forces during his ten-year trip to his home in Ithaca after the Trojan War is both a timeless human story and an individual test of moral resistance In the myths and legends told here,
Fagles has captured the energy and poetry of Homer's original in a bold and contemporary language and has given us an Odyssey to read aloud, savor and treasure for its pure lyric domain. The excellent introduction and textual commentary of the renowned classicist Bernard Knox provide background information for the general reader and the academic, intensifying the strength of the Fagles translation. This is an Odyssey to delight both the classicist and the general reader, to captivate a new generation of Homer students. This Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition features French flaps and banner edge paper.
For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading editor of classical literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global shelf of the best works in history and in all genres and disciplines. Readers rely on the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by presentations and notes from distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as translations updated by award-winning translators.

About the Author
Homer was probably born around 725 BC on the coast of Asia Minor, now on the coast of Turkey, but was actually part of Greece. Homer was the first Greek writer whose work survives. He was one of a long list of bards, or poets, who worked in oral tradition. Homer and other bards of the time could recite, or sing, long epic poems. Both works attributed to Homer, the Iliad, and the Odyssey, have more than ten thousand lines in the original. Homer must have had an incredible memory, but he was helped by the style of poetry formulated at the time.
In the Iliad, Homer sang death and glory, of a few days in the struggle between the Greeks and the Trojans. The mortal men played their destiny under the gaze of the gods. The Odyssey is the original collection of tales of all travelers. Odysseus, on his way home from the Trojan War, finds all kinds of wonders, from giants with one eye to witches and beautiful temptations. His adventures are many and memorable before he returns to Ithaca and his faithful wife Penelope. We can never be sure that these two stories belonged to Homer. In fact, 'Homer' may not be a real name, but a kind of nickname that means perhaps 'the hostage' or 'the hostage'. Whatever the truth of its origin, the two stories, developed about three thousand years ago, can be read in three thousand years.
Robert Fagles (1933-2008) was the Professor of Comparative Literature, Emeritus of Arthur W. Marks at Princeton University. He received the PEN / Ralph Manheim Translation Medal of 1997 and a 1996 Literature Prize awarded by the American Academy of Arts and Letters. His translations include Three Theban Plays by Sophocles, Oresteia by Aeschylus (nominated for a National Book Award), Iliad by Homer (winner of the 1991 Harold Morton Landon Award by the Academy of American Poets), Homer's Odyssey and The Aeneid of Virgil
Bernard Knox (1914-2010) was Director Emeritus of the Center for Hellenic Studies at Harvard in Washington, DC. He was a professor at Yale University for many years. Among his numerous honors award from the National Institute of Arts and Letters and the National Endowment for the Humanities. His works include The Heroic Temper: Studies in Sophoclean Tragedy, Oedipus in Thebes: Sophocles' Tragic Hero and His Time and Essays Ancient and Modern (awarded the PEN / Spielvogel-Diamonstein Prize 1989).

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