Odyssey Poem By Homer (PDF-Summary-Review-Online Reading-Download)

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The Odyssey Poem by Homer (/ ˈɒdəsi /; Greek: Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, pronounced [o.dýs.sej.ja] in the classical attic) is one of the two most important ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other Homeric epic. The Odyssey is fundamental to the modern western canon; It is the second oldest work in Western literature, while the Iliad is the oldest. Scholars believe that the Odyssey was composed near the end of the eighth century BC. C., somewhere in Ionia, the Greek coastal region of Anatolia.

The poem focuses primarily on the Greek hero Odysseus (known as Ulysses in Roman myths), king of Ithaca, and his journey home after the fall of Troy. Odysseus takes ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten-year Trojan War. In his absence, Odysseus is supposed to have died, and his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus must deal with a group of rebel suitors, the Mnesteres (Greek: Μνηστῆρες) or Proci, who compete for Penelope's hand in marriage.

The Odyssey continues to be read in Homeric Greek and translated into modern languages ​​throughout the world. Many scholars believe that the original poem was composed in an oral tradition by an aoidos (epic poet/singer), perhaps a rhapsode (professional interpreter), and was more likely to be heard than read. The details of the old oral interpretation and the conversion of the story to a written work inspire a continuous debate among academics.

The Odyssey was written in a poetic dialect of Greek - a literary amalgam of Aeolian Greek, Ionic Greek and other dialects of ancient Greek - and comprises 12,110 lines of dactyl hexameters. Among the most notable elements of the text are its non-linear plot and the influence on the events of elections made by women and slaves, in addition to the actions of the men who fight. In the English language, as in many others, the word odyssey has referred to an epic journey.

The Odyssey has a lost sequel, Telegonía, which was not attributed to Homer. Usually, it was attributed in ancient times to Cinaethon of Sparta. In one source, it was said that Telegonia had been stolen from Musaeus of Athens by Eugamon or Eugammon of Cyrene.

Book Summary
If the Iliad is the greatest war epic in the world, the Odyssey is the greatest evocation of a man's journey through life's literature. Odysseus's confidence in his ingenuity and willingness to survive in his encounters with the divine and natural forces during his ten-year journey home to Ithaca after the Trojan War is both timeless human history and an individual test of resistance moral.

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Book Review
In the myths and legends told here, Fagles has captured the energy and poetry of Homer's original in a bold and contemporary language and has given us an Odyssey to read aloud, savor and treasure its pure lyrical domain. The excellent introduction and textual commentary of the renowned classicist Bernard Knox provide insightful background information for both the general reader and the academic, intensifying the strength of Fagles translation. This is an Odyssey to delight both the classicist and the general reader, to captivate a new generation of Homer's students. This Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition features French flaps and paper with peeling edges.

About The Author
In the Western classical tradition, Homer (Greek: Όμηρος) is considered the author of The Iliad and The Odyssey and is revered as the greatest of ancient Greek epic poets. These epics lie at the beginning of the Western canon of literature and have had an enormous influence on the history of literature.

When he lived is unknown. Herodotus estimates that Homer lived 400 years before his own time, which would place him at around 850 BCE, while other ancient sources claim that he lived much nearer to the supposed time of the Trojan War, in the early 12th century BCE. Most modern researchers place Homer in the 7th or 8th centuries BCE.

The formative influence of the Homeric epics in shaping Greek culture was widely recognized, and Homer was described as the teacher of Greece. Homer's works, which are about fifty percent speeches, provided models in persuasive speaking and writing that were emulated throughout the ancient and medieval Greek worlds. Fragments of Homer account for nearly half of all identifiable Greek literary papyrus finds.

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