Animal Farm By George Orwell (Summary, Book Review, Online Reading, PDF, Download)


Author George Orwell
Original title Animal Farm: A Fairy Story
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Genre Political satire
Published 17 August 1945 (Secker and Warburg, London, England)
Media type Print (hardback & paperback)

Summary: Animal Farm is an allegorical novel by George Orwell, published for the first time in England on August 17, 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects the events that led to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and then the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union. Orwell, a democratic socialist, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Stalinism led by Moscow, an attitude that was critically shaped by his experiences during the Spanish Civil War. The Soviet Union, in his opinion, had become a brutal dictatorship, built on a cult of personality and imposed by a reign of terror. In a letter to Yvonne Davet, Orwell described Animal Farm as a satirical story against Stalin ("a satirical counter against Stalin"), and in his essay "Why I Write" (1946), he wrote that Animal Farm was the first book in the who tried, with full awareness of what he was doing, "to fuse the political purpose and the artistic purpose as a whole".The original title was Animal Farm: A Fairy Story; The editors of EE. UU They released the subtitle when it was published in 1946, and only one of the translations during Orwell's life kept it. Other headline variations include subtitles such as "A satire" and "A contemporary satire". Orwell suggested the title Union des républiques socialists animals for the French translation, which abbreviates to URSA, the Latin word for "bear," a symbol of Russia. He also played in the French name of the Soviet Union, Union des républiques soviétiques socialists.Orwell wrote the book between November 1943 and February 1944, when the United Kingdom was in its alliance with the Soviet Union and the British people and the intelligentsia held Stalin in high esteem, a phenomenon hated by Orwell. The manuscript was initially rejected by several Brits. and US publishers, including one from Orwell, Victor Gollancz, who delayed its publication. It became a great commercial success when it appeared partly because international relations were transformed when the war alliance gave way to the Cold War.Time magazine chose the book as one of the 100 best novels in English (1923 to 2005) and also appears in number 31 of the list of the Modern Library of the best novels of the twentieth century. He won a Hugo Retrospective Award in 1996 and is included in the selection of Great Books of the Western World.Old Major, the old boar at Manor Farm, summons the farm animals for a meeting, during which he refers to humans as "enemies" and teaches the animals a revolutionary song called "Beasts of England."When Major dies, two young pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, assume command and consider it a duty to prepare for the Rebellion. The animal's rebel, leading the drunken and irresponsible farmer Mr. Jones, as well as Ms. Jones and the other human caretakers and employees, off the farm, renaming it "Animal Farm." Adopt the Seven Commandments of Animalism, the most important of which is, "All animals are equal."Snowball teaches the animals to read and write, while Napoleon educates the young puppies about the principles of Animalism. The food is plentiful, and the farm runs smoothly. Pigs rise to leadership positions and put aside special foods, apparently for their personal health.Sometime later, several men attack Animal Farm. Jones and his men are trying to recover the farm, with the help of other farmers who are terrified by riots of similar animals. Snowball and the animals, which are hidden in an ambush, defeat the men by launching a surprise attack as soon as they enter the farm. The popularity of Snowball soars, and this event is proclaimed "The Battle of the Barn." It is celebrated annually with the firing of a pistol, on the anniversary of the Revolution. Napoleon and Snowball compete for pre-eminence. When Snowball announces his plans to modernize the farm by building a windmill, Napoleon has his dogs chase Snowball and declare himself a leader.Napoleon promulgates changes in the farm governance structure, replacing meetings with a committee of pigs that will run the farm. Through a young pig called Squealer, Napoleon claims credit for the idea of the windmill. The animals work harder with the promise of an easier life with the windmill. When the animals find that the windmill collapsed after a violent storm, Napoleon and Squealer convince the animals that Snowball is trying to sabotage his project.Once Snowball becomes a scapegoat, Napoleon begins to purge the farm with his dogs, killing animals he accuses of relating to his former rival. When some animals remember the Battle of the barn, Napoleon (who was not found during the battle) often broadcast Snowball as a collaborator of Farmer Jones, while falsely depicted as the hero of the battle. "Beasts of England" is replaced by a hymn that glorifies Napoleon, who seems to adopt the lifestyle of a man. The animals remain convinced that they are better off than with Mr. Jones.Mr. Frederick, a neighboring farmer, attacks the farm, using explosives to blow up the restored windmill. Although the animals win the battle, they do so at a high cost, since many, including Boxer, the battle horse, are injured. Despite his injuries, Boxer continues to work harder and harder, until he collapses while working at the windmill. Napoleon asks for a van to supposedly take Boxer to a veterinarian and explains that better care can be taken there. Benjamin, the cynical donkey who "could read as well as any pig," [9] notes that the truck belongs to a skinner and attempts a futile rescue. Squealer quickly assures the animals that a truck driver had bought the truck to the quartered and that the previous owner's sign had not been repainted.In a later report, Squealer sadly informs the animals that Boxer died peacefully in the animal hospital; The pigs celebrate a festival a day after Boxer's death to further praise the glories of Animal Farm and make the animals work harder by taking the Boxer forms. However, the truth is that Napoleon had designed the Boxer sale for the skinner, allowing him and his inner circle to get money to buy whiskey for them. (In the England of the 1940s, one of the ways in which farms earned money was to sell large animals to a quarter, which would kill the animal and boil it in animal glue).The years go by, and the windmill is rebuilt along with the construction of another windmill, which makes the farm have a good amount of income. However, the ideals that Snowball discussed, including those with electricity, heating and running water, are forgotten, and Napoleon argues that the happiest animals live simple lives. In addition to Boxer, many of the animals that participated in the Revolution are dead, as well as Farmer Jones, who died in another part of England. The pigs begin to resemble humans, as they walk upright, whip and wear clothing. The Seven Commandments are summarized in one sentence: "All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others."Napoleon holds a dinner for the pigs and local farmers, with whom he celebrates a new alliance. He repeals the practice of revolutionary traditions and restores the name "The Manor Farm". As animals look from pigs to humans, they realize that they can no longer distinguish between the two.

About The Author: Eric Arthur Blair (June 25, 1903 - January 21, 1950), better known by his pseudonym George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist, and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and the open support of democratic socialism. Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction, and controversial journalism. He is best known for the allegorical novel Animal Farm (1945) and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). His non-fiction works, including The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), which documents his experience of working-class life in northern England, and Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences in the Civil War Spanish, they are widely acclaimed, as are their essays on politics, literature, language and culture. In 2008, The Times placed him second in a list of "The 50 best British writers since 1945". Orwell's work continues to influence popular and political culture, and the Orwellian term - descriptive of totalitarian or authoritarian social practices - has entered the language with many of its neologisms, including Big Brother, Thought Police, Room 101, memory hole, newspeak, doublethink, proles, unperson, and thoughtcrime.

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