Robinson Crusoe Novel By Daniel Defoe (PDF-Summary-Review-Online Reading-Download)

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Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on April 25, 1719. The first edition credited the protagonist of the play, Robinson Crusoe, as its author, which led many readers to believe that he was a real person and that The book was a travel diary of true incidents.

Epistolary, confessional and didactic, the book is presented as an autobiography of the main character (whose birth name is Robinson Kreutznaer), a castaway who spends 28 years on a remote deserted tropical island near Trinidad, finding cannibals, captives and mutineers, before being rescued. It is believed that the story is based on the life of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway who lived for four years on a Pacific island called "More to Earth", now part of Chile, which was renamed Robinson Crusoe Island in 1966.

Despite his simple narrative style, Robinson Crusoe was well received in the literary world and is often credited with the beginning of realistic fiction as a literary genre. He is generally seen as a contender for the first English novel. Before the end of 1719, the book had already gone through four editions, and it has become one of the most published books in history, generating so many imitations, not only in literature but also in film, television, and radio. , that its name is used to define a genus, the Robinsonade.

Author Daniel Defoe
Illustrator Single engraving by John Clark and John Pine after a design by an unknown artist
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Genre adventure, historical fiction
Publisher W. Taylor
Publication date
25 April 1719 (298 years ago)
Followed by The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe

Book Summary

Crusoe (the corrupted surname of the German name "Kreutznaer") sailed from Kingston on Hull on a sea voyage in August 1651, against the wishes of his parents, who wanted him to pursue a career in law. After a tumultuous journey where his ship is shipwrecked in a storm, his longing for the sea remains so strong that he embarks again. This trip also ends in disaster, since the ship is taken by the pirates of Sale (the Rovers of Sale) and Crusoe is enslaved by a Moor. Two years later, he escapes in a boat with a boy named Xury; A captain of a Portuguese ship off the west coast of Africa rescues him. The ship is on its way to Brazil. Crusoe sells Xury to the captain. With the help of the captain, Crusoe acquires a plantation.

Years later, Crusoe joins an expedition to bring slaves from Africa but was shipwrecked in a storm about forty miles from the sea on an island (which he calls the Island of Despair) near the mouth of the Orinoco River on 30 September 1659. Observe the latitude as 9 degrees and 22 minutes north. See penguins and seals on your island. As for his arrival there, only he and three animals, the captain's dog and two cats survive the wreck. Overcoming his despair, he looks for weapons, tools, and other supplies from the ship before it breaks and sinks. Build a fenced habitat near a digging cave. When making marks on a wooden cross, create a calendar. When using tools rescued from the ship, and some that he himself manufactures, hunts, grows barley and rice, dries raisins, learns to make pottery and raise goats. It also adopts a small parrot. He reads the Bible and becomes religious, thanking God for his destiny in which nothing is missing but human society.

More years pass and Crusoe discovers native cannibals, who occasionally visit the island to kill and eat prisoners. At first, he plans to kill them for committing an abomination, but then he realizes that he has no right to do so, since the cannibals do not knowingly commit a crime. He dreams of obtaining one or two servants by freeing some prisoners; When a prisoner escapes, Crusoe helps him, naming his new partner "Friday" after the day of the week he appeared. Crusoe then teaches him English and converts him to Christianity.

After more natives arrive to participate in a cannibal party, Crusoe and Friday kill most of the natives and save two prisoners. One is the father of Friday and the other is a Spaniard, who informs Crusoe about other Spaniards who were shipwrecked on the mainland. A plan was devised in which the Spaniard would return to the mainland with Friday's father and bring the others back, build a ship and sail to a Spanish port.

Before the Spaniards return, an English ship appears; the mutineers have seized the boat and intend to garnet their captain on the island. Crusoe and the ship's captain reach an agreement in which Crusoe helps the captain and the loyal sailors to retake the ship and leave the worst mutineers on the island. Before embarking to England, Crusoe shows the mutineers how he survived on the island and states that more men will come. Crusoe leaves the island on December 19, 1686, and arrives in England on June 11, 1687. He learns that his family believed him dead; As a result, he has left nothing in his father's will. Crusoe leaves for Lisbon to claim the profits of his wealth in Brazil, which has granted him much wealth. In conclusion, it transports its wealth by land to England from Portugal to avoid traveling by sea. On Friday he accompanies him and, on the way, endures one last adventure together while fighting the hungry wolves while crossing the Pyrenees.

Characters

Robinson Crusoe: The narrator of the shipwrecked novel.
Friday: Servant of Robinson Crusoe.
Xury: Former servant of Crusoe. He is later handed over to the Portuguese sea captain as a hired servant.
The widow: a friend of Robinson Crusoe. She checks her assets while he's away.
Portuguese sea captain - help save Robinson Crusoe from slavery. He is very generous and close to Crusoe; he helps him with his money and his planting.
The Spaniard: Rescued by Robinson Crusoe and helps him escape his island.
Robinson Crusoe's father: a merchant named Kreutznaer.

Book Review

This story is one of three stories, which were all in one book. This book is about a boy, named Robinson Crusoe, who was born in York in 1632. One day in Hull, Crusoe saw one of his companions board a ship bound for London. Robinson Crusoe did the same as his companion and boarded the ship. At sea, the waves were so high that they made him nauseous inside. One of the men on board said he had a leak! When the ship sank, they managed to reach the land where people were trying to help them.
 
After that, he continued sailing for eight more years. On an expedition, his ship ran aground on a sandbar. Then a wave came and killed everyone except Crusoe. He managed to survive for many years. He also found some natives and made one of them his slave. With his slave Crusoe makes a ship. Then some Spaniards come and start shooting at the natives. The next morning an English ship arrives in the bay. Crusoe rows his boat to the ship, but will he be rescued? !!!!!!
 
Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe
I enjoyed this book because you didn't know what was going to happen. The way the words are put into the story gives it a more exciting feel, but the words used also made the story slow because the parts were in Old English. The author, Daniel Defoe, is very descriptive, for example: "At that moment a terrible storm broke out. Some of the characters are credible as the illustrations bring them to life, but they probably would not exist today due to the setting of this book in the 16th century They certainly don't remind me of anyone I know today.

Book Club Questions

About The Author

Daniel Defoe was born in London in 1660. He worked briefly as a hosiery merchant, then as an intelligence agent and political writer. His writings resulted in his imprisonment on several occasions and earned him powerful friends and enemies. During his lifetime Defoe wrote more than 250 books, pamphlets, and journals, and traveled widely in both Europe and the British Isles. Among his most famous works are Moll Flanders and A Journal of the Plague Year. Though Defoe was nearly 60 before he began writing fiction, his work is so fundamental to the development of the novel that he is often cited as the first true English novelist. He is also regarded as a founding father of modern journalism and one of the earliest travel writers. Daniel Defoe died in 1731.

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