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Summary: The epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem of ancient Mesopotamia that is often considered the oldest surviving literary work. The literary history of Gilgamesh begins with five Sumerian poems about Bilgamesh (Sumerian for "Gilgamesh"), king of Uruk, dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur (around 2100 BC). These independent stories were later used as reference material for a combined epic. The first surviving version of this combined epic, known as the "ancient version of Babylon", dates from the eighteenth century BC and bears the title after its incipit, Shūtur Eli sharrī ("Overcoming all the other kings"). Only a few tablets have survived. The last "standard" version dates from the 13th century to the century BC and bears the incipit Sha Naqba īmuru ("He who saw the depths", in modern terms: "He who sees the unknown"). Approximately two-thirds of this longer version of twelve tablets have been recovered. Some of the best copies were discovered in the ruins of the library of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal, from the 7th century BC. The first half of the story is about Gilgamesh, king of Uruk, and Enkidu, a savage man created by the gods to prevent Gilgamesh from oppressing the people of Uruk. After Enkidu is civilized through sexual initiation with a harlot, he travels to Uruk, where he challenges Gilgamesh to a fortress trial. Gilgamesh wins and the two become friends. Together, they make a six-day trip to the legendary Cedar Forest, where they plan to kill the Guardian, Humbaba the Terrible, and cut down the sacred Cedar. Later they kill the Bull of Heaven, which the goddess Ishtar sends to punish Gilgamesh for rejecting his advances. As punishment for these actions, the gods sentence Enkidu to death. In the second half of the epic, the anguish over the death of Enkidu causes Gilgamesh to take a long and dangerous journey to discover the secret of eternal life. Finally, discover that "the life you seek will never find it because when the gods create man, they let death be their part and life held in their own hands." However, due to his great construction projects, his According to the advice of Siduri, and what the immortal man Utnapishtim told him about the Great Flood, the fame of Gilgamesh survived his death. His story has been translated into many languages, and in recent years has appeared in works of popular fiction.Gilgamesh, king of Uruk, and his companion Enkidu are the only surviving heroes of ancient Babylonian literature, immortalized in this epic poem dating from the third millennium BC. Together they travel to the Spring of Youth, defeat the Bull of Heaven and kill the monster Humbaba. When Enkidu dies, the grief and fear of Gilgamesh's death are such that they lead him to undertake a search for eternal life. A timeless story of morality, tragedy and sheer adventure, The Epic of Gilgamesh is a historical literary exploration of man's quest for immortality.The lucid and accessible translation of N. K. Sanders is preceded by a detailed introduction that examines the narrative and historical context of the work. In addition, there is a glossary of names and a map of the Ancient East.For over seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classical literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global shelf of the best works in history and in all genres and disciplines. Readers rely on the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by presentations and notes from distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as translations updated by award-winning translators.The epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem of ancient Iraq and is among the first known works of literary writings. Scholars believe that it originated as a series of Sumerian legends and poems about the mythological hero-king Gilgamesh, who met in a longer Akkadian poem much later; the complete version that exists today is conserved in 12 clay tablets in the library collection of the Assyrian king Asurbanipal of the 7th century BC. Originally it was titled He who saw the depths (Sha Naqba īmuru) or Overcoming all the other kings (Shūtur Eli sharrī). Gilgamesh may have been a true ruler in the late period of the Second Dynasty (around the 27th century BC). The essential story revolves around the relationship between Gilgamesh, who has been distracted and discouraged by his government, and a friend, Enkidu, who is half-wild and who undertakes dangerous quests with Gilgamesh. Much of the epic focuses on Gilgamesh's thoughts on the loss after Enkidu's death. It's about becoming human together, and it has a great emphasis on immortality. A large part of the poem illustrates the search for immortality

Review: this edition provides a prose version of The Epic of Gilgamesh, the cycle of poems preserved in clay tablets that survive from ancient Mesopotamia of the third millennium BC. C. One of the best and most important pieces of epic poetry in human history, even before Homer's Iliad for approximately 1,500 years, the epic of Gilgamesh speaks of the various adventures of that heroic king, including his quest for immortality , and a story of a great flood similar in many details to the history of the Old Testament of Noah. The translator also provides an interesting and useful introduction that explains a lot about the historical context of the poem and the archaeological discovery of the tablets.

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