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King Lear By William Shakespeare (Summary, Book Review, Online Reading, Download, PDF)

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Summary: King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare. It represents the gradual descent into the madness of the main character after he disposes of his kingdom giving legacies to two of his three daughters based on his flattery of him, bringing tragic consequences for all. Derived from the legend of Leir of Britain, a pre-Roman mythological Celtic king, the work has been widely adapted for the stage and the cinema, with the main role coveted by many of the world's leading actors. The first attribution to Shakespeare of this work, originally written in 1605 or 1606 at the latest with its first known presentation on St. Stephen's Day in 1606, was a publication of 1608 in a room of uncertain provenance, in which the work appears as a story; it can be an initial draft or simply reflect the first performance text. The Tragedy of King Lear, a more theatrical review, was included in the 1623 First Folio. Modern editors usually combine the two, although some insist that each version has its own individual integrity that must be preserved.After the English Restoration, the work was often revised with a happy ending and not tragic for audiences who did not like its dark and depressing tone, but since the nineteenth century, the original version of Shakespeare has been considered one of his supreme achievements. The tragedy is especially highlighted by its inquisitive observations about the nature of human suffering and kinship. George Bernard Shaw wrote: "No man will write a tragedy better than Lear."King Lear is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, which is believed to have been written between 1603 and 1606. It is considered one of his most important works. The work is based on the legend of Leir of Britain, a pre-Roman mythological Celtic king. It has been widely adapted for the stage and the screen, with the Lear part played by many of the world's leading actors.

About The Author: William Shakespeare (/ ʃeɪkspɪər /; April 26, 1564 (baptized) - April 23, 1616) [a] was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the best writer in the English language and the most prominent playwright of the world. He is often called the national poet of England and the "Bardo de Avon". His existing works, including collaborations, consist of approximately 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems and some other verses, some of the uncertain authorship. His works have been translated into all the most important living languages and are interpreted more frequently than those of any other dramatist.Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and the twins Hamnet and Judith. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer and co-owner of a gaming company called Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as King's Men. At age 49 around 1613, he seems to have retired to Stratford, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, which has stimulated considerable speculation on issues such as his physical appearance, sexuality, religious beliefs and whether the works attributed to him were written by others. These speculations are often criticized for not pointing to the fact that few records survive of most commoners of their time.Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His first plays were mainly comedies and stories, which are considered one of the best works ever produced in these genres. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, Othello, King Lear and Macbeth, considered some of the best works in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances and collaborated with other dramatists.Many of his works were published in editions of different quality and precision during his life. However, in 1623 John Heminges and Henry Condell, two friends and fellow actors of Shakespeare, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the works now recognized as Shakespeare It was preceded by a poem by Ben Jonson, in which Shakespeare is hailed, prophetically, as "not of one age, but forever."
In the 20th and 21st centuries, his works have been adapted and rediscovered repeatedly by new movements in erudition and acting. His works are still very popular and are studied, interpreted and constantly reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts around the world.