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A Clockwork Orange By Anthony Burgess (Summary, Book Review, Online Reading, Download, PDF)

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Author Anthony Burgess
Cover artist Barry Trengrove
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Nadsat
Genre Science fictionDystopian fictionSatireBlack Comedy
Published 1962 (William Heinemann, UK)

Summary: A mechanical orange is a dystopian satirical black comedy novel written by the English writer Anthony Burgess, published in 1962. It is developed in an English society soon with a subculture of extreme youth violence. The teenage protagonist, Alex, recounts his violent exploits and his experiences with the state authorities with the intention of reforming him. The book is partially written in a slang with Russian influence called "Nadsat". According to Burgess, it was a jeu d'esprit written in only three weeks. In 2005, The Clockwork Orange was included in Time magazine's list of the 100 best English novels written since 1923 and was named by Modern Library and its readers. as one of the 100 best novels in English of the twentieth century. The original manuscript of the book is in the William Ready Archives and Research Collections Division of McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, since the institution purchased the documents in 1971.The title is taken from an old Cockney expression, "as rare as a mechanical orange" and alludes to the prevention of the exercise of the free will of the main character through the use of a classical conditioning technique. With this technique, the emotional responses of the subject to violence are combined systematically with a negative stimulation in the form of nausea caused by an emetic medicine administered just before the presentation of films that represent "ultraviolent" situations. Written from the perspective of a seemingly tendentious and unrepentant protagonist, the novel also contains an experiment in language: Burgess creates a new discourse that is the adolescent jargon of a not too distant future.