The Hobbit (Novel) Book By J. R. R. Tolkien (PDF-Summary-Review-Online Reading-Download)

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The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy novel by the English author J. R. R. Tolkien. It was published on September 21, 1937, with great critical success, being nominated for the Carnegie Medal and awarded a New York Herald Tribune award for best youth fiction. The book remains popular and is recognized as a classic in children's literature.

The Hobbit is set in Tolkien's fictional universe and follows the pursuit of beloved Bilbo Baggins, the titular hobbit, to win a share of the treasure kept by Smaug the dragon. Bilbo's journey takes him from a joyous rural setting to a more sinister territory.

The story is told in the form of an episodic quest, and most chapters feature a specific creature or creature type from Tolkien's geography. Bilbo gains a new level of maturity, competence, and wisdom by accepting the ill-reputed, romantic, fierce, and adventurous sides of his nature and applying his wit and common sense. The story reaches its climax in the Battle of the Five Armies, where many of the characters and creatures from previous chapters resurface to conflict.

Personal growth and forms of heroism are central themes of the story, along with motives for war. These themes have led critics to view Tolkien's own experiences during World War I as an instrument to shape history. The author's academic knowledge of Germanic philology and an interest in mythology and fairy tales are often noted as influences.

The publisher was encouraged by the book's critical and financial success and therefore requested a continuation. As Tolkien's work progressed on the successor The Lord of the Rings, he made retrospective adaptations for him in The Hobbit. These few but significant changes were integrated into the second edition. Other editions followed with minor amendments, including those reflecting Tolkien's changing concept of the world Bilbo stumbled upon.

The work has never been exhausted. His continuing legacy spans many adaptations for stage, screen, radio, board games, and video games. Several of these adaptations have received critical recognition on their own merits.

Book Details
Originally published: September 21, 1937
Page count: 310 (first edition)
Pages: 310 (first edition)
Genres: Novel, Fantasy, Children's literature, Epic, High fantasy, Fantasy Fiction

Book Summary
In a hole in the ground, lived a hobbit. It was not a nasty, dirty, and wet hole, full of worm tips and a musty smell, nor was it a dry, bare, sandy hole with nothing to sit or eat: it was a hobbit, and that means comfort.
Bilbo Baggins is a hobbit who enjoys a comfortable and unambitious life, rarely traveling beyond his pantry or cellar. But his satisfaction is disturbed when the magician Gandalf and a company of dwarves arrive at his door one day to take him on an adventure. They have launched a plan to attack the treasure kept by Smaug the Magnificent, a large and very dangerous dragon. Bilbo reluctantly joins his quest, unaware that on his journey to the Lonely Mountain he will encounter a magic ring and a terrifying creature known as Gollum.
Written for J.R.R. Tolkien's own children, The Hobbit met with instant critical acclaim when it was first published in 1937. Now recognized as a timeless classic, this introduction to the hobbit Bilbo Baggins, the magician Gandalf, Gollum, and the spectacular world of tales from Middle-earth The adventures of a reluctant hero, a powerful and dangerous ring, and the cruel dragon Smaug the Magnificent. The text in this 372-page paperback is based on the first published in Britain by Collins Modern Classics (1998) and includes a note on the text by Douglas A. Anderson (2001).

Book Review
A glorious tale of a magnificent adventure, full of suspense and seasoned with calm humor that is irresistible. . . All those, young or old, who love an excellent adventure story, beautifully told, will bring The Hobbit to their hearts.

Book Club Questions

About The Book Author J. R. R. Tolkien
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE was an English writer, poet, WWI veteran (a First Lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers, British Army), philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the high fantasy classic works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.

Tolkien was Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford from 1925 to 1945, and Merton Professor of English language and literature from 1945 to 1959. He was a close friend of C.S. Lewis.

Christopher Tolkien published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion. These, together with The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about an imagined world called Arda, and Middle-earth within it. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the word "legendarium" to the larger part of these writings.

While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature—or more precisely, high fantasy. Tolkien's writings have inspired many other works of fantasy and have had a lasting effect on the entire field.

In 2008, The Times ranked him sixth on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Forbes ranked him the 5th top-earning dead celebrity in 2009.

Religious influences
J.R.R. Tolkien was born in South Africa in 1892, but his family moved to Britain when he was about 3 years old. When Tolkien was 8 years old, his mother converted to Catholicism, and he remained a Catholic throughout his life. In his last interview, two years before his death, he unhesitatingly testified, “I’m a devout Roman Catholic.”

Tolkien married his childhood sweetheart, Edith, and they had four children. He wrote them letters each year as if from Santa Claus, and a selection of these was published in 1976 as The Father Christmas Letters. One of Tolkien’s sons became a Catholic priest. Tolkien was an advisor for the translation of the Jerusalem Bible.

Tolkien once described The Lord of the Rings to his friend Robert Murray, an English Jesuit priest, as "a fundamentally religious and Catholic work, unconsciously so at first, but consciously in the revision." There are many theological themes underlying the narrative including the battle of good versus evil, the triumph of humility over pride, and the activity of grace. In addition, the saga includes themes that incorporate death and immortality, mercy and pity, resurrection, salvation, repentance, self-sacrifice, free will, justice, fellowship, authority, and healing. In addition, The Lord's Prayer "And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil" was reportedly present in Tolkien's mind as he described Frodo's struggles against the power of the "One Ring.''